Benefit: Hardest wearing material enhancing the durability and longevity of the shoe. Excellent traction between the shoe and the ground. Non-marking.
What is it: Specially formulated vulcanized rubber.
Where is it: On the bottom of the shoe where it contacts the ground.
Benefit: Soft, lightweight cushioning that absorbs impact shock.
What is it: ethylene-vinyl acetate
Where is it: The midsole of the shoe, which is the part under the foot, between the outsole and the upper.
Benefit: Supports the arch area of the foot (midfoot), and reduces stress on the ligaments that often cause fatigue and pain.
What is it: Hard, moulded thermoplastic (TPU or Nylon) or hardened rubber.
Where is it: Midfoot region of the outsole of the shoe.
Benefit: Supports the ankle and holds the heel firmly in place, providing excellent stability when the foot first strikes the ground. A firm heel counter is essential for fundamental support and stability.
What is it: Thermal Rubber material that is shaped to match the contours of your heel.
Where is it: Inside the upper part of the shoe, surrounding the back and sides of the heel.
Benefit: Ventilates and cools the foot.
What is it: Three layer interwoven textile mesh with a fibrous centre, through which air flows freely.
Where is it: On the upper (top part), normally on the vamp and middle section of the shoe, or on the lining of a leather shoe.
Benefit: Provide a custom fit for the developing foot. A rubber lug included in junior cross trainers for extra durability.
What is it: Closure used on junior shoes for easy on and off. Used in combination with elastic laces on cross trainers
Where is it: On top of the upper in the place of a traditional lace.
Benefit: Hard wearing and resistant to scuffing
What is it: Abrasion resistant layer on the surface of synthetic leather.
Where is it: Around the front of the upper.